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Gibraltar

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Joshua from Gibraltar

Joshua from Gibraltar

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Introduction to Gibraltar

Introduction

Gibraltar is a small British Overseas Territory located on the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. It is bordered by Spain to the north and faces the Mediterranean Sea to the east and south. Despite its small size, Gibraltar has a rich history and a unique cultural blend of British and Mediterranean influences.

Geography

Gibraltar covers an area of just 6.7 square kilometers, making it one of the smallest territories in the world. It is famous for the Rock of Gibraltar, a 426-meter high limestone ridge that dominates the territory’s landscape. Gibraltar also has a small coastline, which includes several sandy beaches.

Population

As of 2021, Gibraltar has a population of approximately 33,000 people. The majority of the population are Gibraltarians, a unique ethnic group with a mix of Genoese, British, Spanish, Maltese, and Portuguese heritage. English is the official language, but many residents also speak Spanish and Llanito, a unique dialect that combines elements of English, Spanish, and other Mediterranean languages.

Economy

Gibraltar has a diverse economy with key sectors including financial services, online gambling, shipping, and tourism. Despite its small size, Gibraltar is a major player in the global online gambling industry, hosting several of the world’s largest online gambling companies. The British pound is the official currency, but euros are also widely accepted.

Education

Education in Gibraltar follows the British system, with primary, secondary, and tertiary levels. There are 15 state schools, two private schools, and a college for further education. The University of Gibraltar, established in 2015, offers a range of undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

Culture

Gibraltar’s culture is a blend of British and Mediterranean influences. This is reflected in the territory’s cuisine, festivals, and music. Gibraltar hosts several annual music and cultural festivals that attract international artists and visitors. The territory is also home to several historical sites, including the Moorish Castle and the Great Siege Tunnels.

Government

Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory with a high degree of self-governance. It has its own parliament and government, which are responsible for most local matters. However, the UK retains responsibility for defense and foreign affairs. Gibraltar’s head of state is the British monarch, who is represented locally by a governor.

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