Confucius was an influential Chinese philosopher, politician, and educator who lived between 551 BC and 479 BC during the Zhou dynasty. Born in the state of Lu, in what is now eastern China, he spent most of his life traveling from place to place, teaching and spreading his wisdom. His teachings and philosophy became known as Confucianism, which emphasized the importance of moral values, ethics, and social order. Confucius believed that virtuous behavior and respect for others were essential for a harmonious society. He also believed that education was the key to social and personal development. Confucius wrote and compiled many works, including the Analects, which contains his sayings and teachings, and the Book of Rites, which describes the ancient rituals and customs of China. Confucius’ influence on Chinese culture and philosophy has been enormous, and his teachings continue to inspire people around the world today.