Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2nd, 1869 in Porbandar, India. Gandhi was a leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule and became known for his nonviolent civil disobedience tactics. He studied law in England and practiced in South Africa for over 20 years, where he began to develop his ideas of civil disobedience. Gandhi returned to India in 1915 and began organizing protests and strikes against British rule. He led campaigns for Indian independence, including the Salt March in 1930, which led to the imprisonment of thousands of Indians. Gandhi spent several years in jail during his fight for independence. In 1947, India gained its independence from Britain and Gandhi continued to work towards promoting peace and unity between different religious groups in India. Sadly, on January 30th, 1948, Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu nationalist. He is remembered as a great leader and inspiration for nonviolent civil disobedience movements around the world.