Category: History


The Rise And Fall Of Italy’s Warriors-For-Hire

The article discusses the rise and dominance of the condottieri, elite mercenaries who played a significant role in Italian warfare during the 14th and 15th centuries. These mercenaries, many of whom were veterans of the Hundred Years’ War, were hired by wealthy rulers to fight on their behalf and were motivated by financial gain rather than glory or conquest. However, the condottieri eventually declined as they were outmatched by the gunpowder weaponry of state-sponsored militaries in France, Spain, and the Ottoman Empire.

Grade 6

How Dangerous Was It To Be A Jester

The article explores the history and influence of jesters throughout different cultures and time periods. It highlights the unique talents and roles of jesters, as well as their ability to influence rulers and speak truth to power. The article also discusses the fate of jesters, including instances where they were fired or killed for taking their mockery too far.

Grade 6

A 3300-Year-Old Murder Mystery

The article discusses the discovery of Ötzi the Iceman, a mummified body found in the Ötzal Alps in 1991. It provides information about Ötzi’s life, including his physical characteristics, health conditions, and the time period in which he lived. The article also explores the circumstances of Ötzi’s death, including evidence of a flint arrowhead lodged in his shoulder, suggesting he was murdered. However, the exact identity of Ötzi and the reason for his killing remain a mystery.


What caused the French Revolution

The French Revolution challenged the traditional power structures of Europe, rooted in the Enlightenment-era’s promotion of reason and human freedom over tradition and religion. Peasants, who had been taxed heavily and denied basic rights, formed the National Assembly, declared themselves the true representatives of the French people and abolished feudalism. After the execution of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette, Napoleon Bonaparte seized control of the government, claiming to defend the Revolution’s democratic values. After decades of alternating between monarchy and revolt, the next Republic was formed in 1871, raising questions that are still being asked today.

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